Our investments are mostly a mixture of fixed income and equities. Our fixed income is invested in GICs, HISAs and bond funds. Our equity holdings include “buy the entire market” ETFs and dividend-paying ultra-conservative stocks. Recently, I have been trying to decide what else to invest in to provide a steady income stream without being overly aggressive on yield or excessive on risk. An opportunity came up to buy some preferred shares in a major Canadian utility and I did so. Now I’m stepping back a few paces and trying to evaluate the merits of that investment versus how risky it is and decide whether to continue to hold my preferred shares or sell them.
Leaving the Nest: The First Flutters Away from GICs
For most of my “investing” life, guaranteed investment certificates have paid a reasonable rate of return. Being ultra-conservative and ultra-risk averse, I happily sacrificed growth for security. I’ll never be a multi-millionaire with this strategy but then I don’t need millions to live the lifestyle I want.
Only once we had enough saved in GICs to ensure a modest retirement income, did we start deliberately investing in the murky world of equities.
So I am still learning about what types of investments we can make and how risky they are.
My First Purchase of Preferred Shares
A few months ago, I purchased my first preferred shares. They were issued by a company with an excellent credit rating and a long history of paying its dividends in full and on time. The yield at the time I bought them was a bit over 5%.
Since then, I’ve brooded about whether they are a good choice for me. Here are some of the pros and cons of investing in these particular preferred shares:
Pros for My Preferred Shares
The yield on our investment is over 5% a year.
I bought them at a price below the “call” price. That means the issuer cannot buy them back from me for less than I paid for them. I can only experience a capital gain if the issuer “calls” the shares.
I have a chance of making a small capital gain if interest rates stay low and I sell the preferreds. In fact, these shares have already seen a capital gain of 1-2%. It’s even possible for the price to rise above the call price of $25 although it’s not likely to rise very much higher than that.
The utility that issued the preferred shares has been around for a very long time and is very stable. The risk of the company being unable to pay their dividends on time is very low. The risk of the company going bankrupt is extremely low.
The dividends for these preferred shares must be paid before the dividends for common share holders can be paid.
The payments are cumulative. That means if the issuer fails to pay a dividend one quarter it must eventually make up that missing payment.
The dividends issued by these preferred shares are eligible Canadian dividends from an eligible Canadian corporation. That means that the income is taxed at a lower rate than, say, interest paid on a GIC or a bond if I hold these shares in a taxable account (which I do.) So the amount of money I get to keep from these 5%-yield preferred shares is higher than the amount I get to keep from a 5%-yield GIC. It isn’t any higher, though, than the amount I would get to keep from dividend payments from common shares of say, BCE. (According to Tom Slee a preferred like this yielding 5.1% is about equivalent to a bond yielding about 6.75% in a taxable non-registered account.)
Interesting Fact about Preferred Shares
Historically, according to BMO preferred shares do not show a strong correlation to common shares or to fixed income investments. In other words, if common share prices drop or rise significantly, preferred share prices don’t usually move significantly in the same way each time, nor do they react predictably to bond prices and yields.
This historical indifference, though, could change.
Cons for My Preferred Shares
The maximum achievable capital gain is very small because the issue can be “called” by the issuer at various prices. By 2016, the issuer can call it for $25 per share. That means buyers are very unlikely to pay more than $25 a share as the date for that call price approaches.
I don’t have an option to convert the preferred shares into common stock in the utility.
The dividend will never increase.
Inflation may rise so the value of my dividend may gradually diminish.
Even if interest rates increase and yields on other investments increase, the dividend on this investment will not increase.
If interest rates rise and the yields paid on other investments rise, I won’t be able to sell my preferred shares to recover my initial capital investment.
For example, say I bought my preferred shares at $24 and they pay $1.20 a year each. If new preferred shares are issued at $24 paying $1.80, then no one will want my preferred shares. Well, they might if I drop my price from $24 to, say, $16. Then for each $24 a person spends they get $1.80 a year, whether it’s from 1 of the new shares or 1.5 of my shares.
So I would experience a capital loss of $8 per share if I had to sell. That would wipe out any dividends earned for nearly 7 years! (even longer if you include a factor for inflation.)
Why Some Common Shares are Preferred over some Preferred Shares
Many of the above factors are why BCE common shares are so popular right now. They are paying about a 5% yield on shares that have the possibility of almost unlimited capital gains, which cannot be “called” at a fixed price on a schedule by the issuer, and for which the annual dividend can and likely will be raised (based on BCE’s dividend history.) Of course, the price of BCE common shares depends on the performance of Bell itself. The company could tangle itself up like Nortel did and its common share value could plummet. It’s not as safe or regulated as the utility whose preferred shares I bought.
Some Preferred Shares May Still be Preferable to an Annuity
These type of preferred shares might also be a better investment than some annuities. With an annuity, the income is also fixed at the time of purchase and often is not indexed to inflation. (It may be higher than 5% though.)
When the last survivor dies, generally the principal of the annuity dies with him or her. There is usually no principal returned to the estate.
If someone dies who holds preferred shares, however, the shares might still have a capital value. It might only be 1/4 or 1/2 of what was paid for them, but it’s still a cash value.
Note that much of the income from an annuity is often insured so that it will continue even if the issuer goes bankrupt. None of the income from the preferred shares is insured and if the issuer goes bankrupt then the income from the preferred shares will be lost. They are not interchangeable investments.
What Will I Do with My Preferred Shares?
My shares have paid me a few dividends and right now stand to win a small capital gain if I sell them.
If interest rates rise and companies start offering investments that pay a higher return than my preferred shares pay, then I may face a substantial capital loss.
A 5% return is not all that high when inflation is running about 1-2% a year.
I think I will probably sell my preferred shares sooner rather than later.
UPDATE: Sold! And yes, I feel good about the decision. I made a small capital gain and received some great dividends. Now I’ll look for a home for the capital that feels more comfortable to my risk-averse soul.
Do you invest in preferred shares? Do you only buy retractable or rate reset shares instead of perpetuals? What factors sway your investing decisions? Please share your views with a comment.