When Tax Free Savings Accounts, or TFSAs, were first created in 2009 most banks offered the accounts with no fees to entice customers. It also was practical: Who would pay a $100/year fee for an account that could be opened with, at most, $5000? But in 2010, 2011, and 2012 another $5000 contribution was permitted, and in 2013 and 2014 a $5500 contribution was allowed. That means anyone who was 18 in 2009, and who lived in Canada in 2009 and each year after that, can now have up to $ 31 000 $
25500 contributed to a TFSA, not counting any re-contributions of withdrawals. Unfortunately this also means that some banks are charging fees for TFSAs. This is a review of some options and what, if anything, they cost.
As with RRSPs, there are roughly two types of Tax Free Savings Accounts: those that can hold almost any type of investment, called self-directed TFSA brokerage accounts, and those that can only hold a very limited number of investment choices which I will call standard Bank TFSA accounts.
Fees for Standard Bank TFSAs that Can Only Hold Cash, GICs, Term Deposits and Some Mutual Funds
For many people, a tax free savings account is the first place they start saving for the long-term. It may hold their entire emergency fund. It may hold their savings for education, a first home, a wedding or retirement. They may have very little money saved or invested outside of the TFSA. These investors often start with a simple bank TFSA account.
Within the bank TFSA account, they can hold cash in a savings account that pays interest. They can also usually buy cashable term deposits, non-cashable guaranteed investment certificates (GICs), and mutual funds that are offered by that particular institution.
For example, if a client sets up a TFSA account at Tangerine (formerly ING Direct), they can use a daily interest savings account, buy a cashable GIC, or invest in the “Streetwise” mutual funds managed and sold by Tangerine
ING Direct. They cannot buy mutual funds offered by other institutions, nor can they buy ETFs.
As shown in the table following, many of these bank TFSAs have low or no fees for most situations. That makes them appealing to beginning investors. Be careful, though, about fees for transferring and closing these TFSAs. You may want to move your TFSA in the future and those fees can sting.
If you know you ultimately want to move to a self-directed brokerage TFSA in a few years, to avoid transfer and closing fees either choose a no-fee bank TFSA (such as the one from Tangerine, formerly called ING Direct) or set up your bank TFSA with the bank affiliated with the brokerage you want to use in the future. For example, BMO does not usually charge a closing fee if a TFSA is moved from BMO to BMO InvestorLine.
|Closing Fee||$50 + tax||$100||0 / $45||$50|
|Closing Fee||0*/ $50||$50||$50||0**$75 plus tax|
* The PC Financial/Tangerine situation is a bit mixed. It costs nothing to withdraw your entire cash balance from a savings account if you transfer it to your PC Financial/Tangerine chequing account. However it apparently costs $40 to close a mutual fund PC Financial TFSA. It should not have a fee to sell your Tangerine Mutual Funds so long as you have the cash move into your Tangerine cash TFSA savings account. You can then withdraw the cash from your Tangerine TFSA savings account for no fee–but you can’t transfer it out for free. PC Financial and Tangerine do not automatically close an account just because you withdraw all the funds, which is why it can be $0 to close but $50 to transfer.
** I was very surprised to find that TD is not charging a fee to transfer out or close a TFSA. This information was accurate on December 4, 2012. I would strongly recommend checking with TD to find out if this has changed before opening a new TFSA at TD, just in case. UPDATE: As of early 2016, TD now charges a fee to transfer out of a TFSA or close a TFSA.
February 2014 Update Sources
- BMO: http://www.bmo.com/home/popups/personal/investments/tsfa-faq and
- CIBC: https://www.cibc.com/ca/investing/tfsa/tax-advantage-savings-acct.html
- National Bank: http://www.nbc.ca/bnc/files/bncpdf/en/2/tarification_en.pdf#xml=http://www.nbc.ca/bnc/cda/searchEngine/0,2648,divId-2_langId-1_navCode-1000,00.htmlxml.txt?query=fees&query2=fees+fees+FEES+fees&query3=fees&pr=bnc_en&order=r&cq=&id=52f9af2e2
- President’s Choice Financial: http://www.banking.pcfinancial.ca/mkt/investments/taxfreeinterestplussavingsaccount-en.html?region=ON&language=en&signinop=OB and click on the Fee link under the Legal section.
- RBC Royal: http://www.rbcroyalbank.com/tfsa/tfsa-basics.html I can’t find the exact $ amount for the transfer out fee online, but as recently as 2013 it was $50.
- ScotiaBank: I can’t find a specific number for the transfer out fee in February 2014. The $50 cost was valid in 2013.
- TD: http://www.td.com/to-our-customers/tdhelps/#psce|cid=871|lid=1|tid=001|vid=b0f1321fe
- TD fees on July 2016 (not for TD Direct Investing, just regular bank branch TFSAs)
By Transfer Fee I mean the fee to transfer the money to a different bank or financial institution. Usually to transfer money back into your regular chequing or savings account at the same institution is free.
Unfortunately fees and costs may be changed at almost any time. Before actually opening an account, contact the financial institution to confirm all costs. I’d hate to cause you a costly mistake if the bank raises its fees just after I issue this report!
- How to Choose a Self-Directed TFSA Brokerage Account to Minimize Fees and Costs
- For information on some RRSP fees, also see: RRSP Strategies Part 1: How To Best Get your RRSP Money Contributed Before the Tax Deadline
Do you have TFSA? Did it surprise you with any unexpected fees or costs to use or maintain? Please share your experiences with a comment.